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The Linux Link Tech Show Episode 1049

The Linux Link Tech Show - Wed, 04/24/2024 - 20:30
joel wants his fallout room.
Categories: Podcasts, Technology

Node.js 22 arrives, backs ECMAScript modules

Info World - Wed, 04/24/2024 - 16:42

Node.js 22, the latest version of the popular JavaScript runtime, has arrived, featuring require() support for ECMAScript modules, an improved WebSocket client, and an updated version of the Google V8 JavaScript engine.

Announced April 24, version 22 of the event-driven, asynchronous runtime can be downloaded from Nodejs.org. The release adds require() support for synchronous ECMAScript module graphs under the flag: --experimental-require-module. If this flag is enabled and the ES module meets a couple of requirements, require() will load the requested module. Additionally, Node.js 22 includes an experimental feature for the execution of scripts from package.json with the CLI flag: node --run <script-in-package-json>.

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Categories: Technology

JDK 23: The new features in Java 23

Info World - Wed, 04/24/2024 - 11:00

Java Development Kit (JDK) 23, the next planned version of standard Java, is off and running, with five features now scheduled for the release. The latest addition is making the generational mode of the Z Garbage Collector the default mode.

Due September 17, JDK 23 also will include a vector API, which will be incubated for the eighth time, a second preview of stream gatherers, a second preview of a class-file API, and a preview of primitive types in patterns, instanceof, and switch. Early access builds for JDK 23 can be accessed from jdk.java.net.

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Categories: Technology

Snowflake’s open-source Arctic LLM to take on Llama 3, Grok, Mistral, and DBRX

Info World - Wed, 04/24/2024 - 08:34

Cloud-based data warehouse company Snowflake has developed an open-source large language model (LLM), Arctic, to take on the likes of Meta’s Llama 3, Mistral’s family of models, xAI’s Grok-1, and Databricks’ DBRX.

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Categories: Technology

OpenAI ramps up enterprise support with a focus on security, control, and cost

Info World - Wed, 04/24/2024 - 06:57

OpenAI, known for its large language model ChatGPT, is making a strong push for the enterprise market. In what could intensify competition among enterprise AI players, the company announced a slew of new features designed to give businesses more control, enhance security, and offer cost-effective options when integrating OpenAI’s AI technologies in their operations.

“We’re deepening our support for enterprises with new features that are useful for both large businesses and any developers who are scaling quickly on our platform,” OpenAI said.

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Categories: Technology

Wasmer unveils Python to Wasm compiler

Info World - Wed, 04/24/2024 - 03:00

WebAssembly runtime maker Wasmer has unveiled py2wasm, a Python-to-WebAssembly compiler that transforms Python programs to the WebAssembly (aka Wasm) binary instruction format.

Using a fork of the Nuitka Python compiler, py2wasm converts Python programs to Wasm, allowing them to run without interpreter overhead. Introduced April 18, py2wasm addresses a situation in which the performance of Python programs in WebAssembly has been less than ideal, Wasmer founder and CEO Syrus Akbary wrote in a blog post. Akbary said that py2wasm gets about 70% of native Python speed, and is about 2.5x to 3x faster than the Python interpreter.

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Categories: Technology

How RAG completes the generative AI puzzle

Info World - Wed, 04/24/2024 - 03:00

Generative AI entered the global consciousness with a bang at the close of 2022 (cue: ChatGPT), but making it work in the enterprise has amounted to little more than a series of stumbles. Shadow AI use in the enterprise is sky high as employees are making day-to-day task companions out of AI chat tools. But for the knowledge-intensive workflows that are core to an organization’s mission, generative AI has yet to deliver on its lofty promise to transform the way we work.

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Categories: Technology

Intro to Extism: A WebAssembly library for extendable apps and plugins

Info World - Wed, 04/24/2024 - 03:00

WebAssembly was originally designed to give in-browser web applications a way to run portable, sandboxed, high-performance binaries. As WASM matures beyond the browser, new uses for the technology are emerging. Using WASM to build programmability and extensibility into applications is one use case that is gathering steam.

The Extism software library lets you write programs that can interface with extensions written in WebAssembly. Extism handles the data and function-calling interface between code written in your host application and the WASM extensions. This lets you focus on writing the functionality in your application and extensions, rather than dealing manually with WASM's data types or calling conventions.

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Categories: Technology

5 ways to use JavaScript promises

Info World - Wed, 04/24/2024 - 03:00

Promises are a central mechanism for handling asynchronous code in JavaScript. You will find them in many JavaScript libraries and frameworks, where they're used to manage the results of an action. The fetch() API is one example of promises at work. As a developer, you might not be familiar with creating and using promises outside of an existing product, but it's surprisingly simple. Learning how to create promises will help you understand how libraries use them. It also puts a powerful asynchronous programming mechanism at your disposal.

Asynchronous programming with promises

In the following example, we're using a Promise to handle the results of a network operation. Instead of making a network call, we just use a timeout:

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Categories: Technology

SN 971: Chat (out of) Control - Fuxnet, Android Quarantine, Gentoo

Security Now - Tue, 04/23/2024 - 18:43
  • What do you call "Stuxnet on steroids"??
  • Voyager 1 update
  • Android 15 to quarantine apps
  • Thunderbird & Microsoft Exchange
  • China bans Western encrypted messaging apps
  • Gentoo says "no" to AI
  • Cars collecting diving data
  • Freezing your credit
  • Investopedia
  • Computer Science Abstractions
  • Lazy People vs. Secure Systems
  • Actalis issues free S/MIME certificates
  • PIN Encryption
  • DRAM and GhostRace
  • AT&T Phishing Scam
  • Race Conditions and Multi-core processors
  • An Alternative to the Current Credit System
  • SpinRite Updates
  • Chat (out of) Control

Show Notes - https://www.grc.com/sn/SN-971-Notes.pdf

Hosts: Steve Gibson and Leo Laporte

Download or subscribe to this show at https://twit.tv/shows/security-now.

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You can submit a question to Security Now at the GRC Feedback Page.

For 16kbps versions, transcripts, and notes (including fixes), visit Steve's site: grc.com, also the home of the best disk maintenance and recovery utility ever written Spinrite 6.

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Categories: Podcasts, Technology

Oracle JDK Mission Control 9 adds dark theme, configurable JVM browser

Info World - Tue, 04/23/2024 - 13:30

Oracle has released JDK Mission Control (JMC) 9, an update to the tool kit for monitoring, managing, profiling, and troubleshooting Java applications that adds a dark theme and makes the frequency of JVM checks configurable.

The most significant change is that JMC now must use JDK 17 or later to run.

JMC 9 was unveiled on April 21. Binaries can be downloaded from oracle.com. While JMC 9 requires JDK 17 or later, it still can read Java Flight Recorder (JFR) recordings from JDK 7u40 or later. JMC and the JFR profiling and event collection framework together offer a tool chain to collect runtime information for after-the-fact analysis.

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Categories: Technology

Microsoft unveils Phi-3 family of small language models

Info World - Tue, 04/23/2024 - 12:00

Microsoft has introduced a new family of small language models (SLMs) as part of its plan to make lightweight yet high-performing generative artificial intelligence technology available across more platforms, including mobile devices.

The company unveiled the Phi-3 platform in three models: the 3.8-billion-parameter Phi-3 Mini, the 7-billion-parameter Phi-3 Small, and the 14-billion-parameter Phi-3 Medium. The models comprise the next iteration of Microsoft’s SLM product line that began with the release of Phi-1 and then Phi-2 in rapid succession last December.

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Categories: Technology

Microsoft unveils Pi-3 family of small language models

Info World - Tue, 04/23/2024 - 12:00

Microsoft has introduced a new family of small language models (SLMs) as part of its plan to make lightweight yet high-performing generative artificial intelligence technology available across more platforms, including mobile devices.

The company unveiled the Phi-3 platform in three models: the 3.8-billion-parameter Phi-3 Mini, the 7-billion-parameter Phi-3 Small, and the 14-billion-parameter Phi-3 Medium. The models comprise the next iteration of Microsoft’s SLM product line that began with the release of Phi-1 and then Phi-2 in rapid succession last December.

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Categories: Technology

Java proposal would add exception case to switch

Info World - Tue, 04/23/2024 - 09:30

The readability, maintainability, and usability of switch statements and expressions in Java would be improved by a proposal to allow exceptions to be handled in the switch block.

The current OpenJDK proposal, “Exception handling in switch (Preview),” would be part of the Standard Edition of Java, although no specific version Java SE has been designated yet as the recipient. Specifically, the proposal calls for enhancing switch so that exceptions thrown by the selector (the e in switch (e) …) can be handled in the switch block.

Goals of the plan, which was created January 12 and updated April 19, include improving readability and maintainability by allowing switch to concisely handle all possible outcomes of evaluating the selector, and streamlining the use of APIs that throw checked exceptions, when used by the selector of a switch statement or expression.

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Categories: Technology

AWS moves Amazon Bedrock’s AI guardrails, and other features to general availability

Info World - Tue, 04/23/2024 - 06:06

Amazon Web Services (AWS) is moving some features of its generative AI application-building service, Amazon Bedrock, to general availability, the company said on Tuesday.

These features include guardrails for AI, a model evaluation tool, and new large language models (LLMs).

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Categories: Technology

The cloud is not a slam dunk platform for generative AI

Info World - Tue, 04/23/2024 - 03:00

As I’ve been saying for the past year or so, cloud conferences have become generative AI conferences, as have data center conferences, databases conferences, and you name it. It’s clearly more than just a trend—it’s a game-changing push. But we’ve seen this happen enough times in the past 30 years to know nothing is guaranteed to be a true trend. Remember “push technology?” Exactly.

As enterprises rush headlong into generative AI, selecting an appropriate infrastructure is critical for optimal performance and cost-effectiveness. Comparing cloud computing and traditional on-premises solutions reveals some interesting things when cloud platforms host generative AI applications. These weaknesses may mean public cloud computing platforms are not a slam dunk when it comes to the best place for generative AI systems to live. Let’s explore this.

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Categories: Technology

The dawn of intelligent and automated data orchestration

Info World - Tue, 04/23/2024 - 03:00

The exponential growth of data, and in particular unstructured data, is a problem enterprises have been wrestling with for decades. IT organizations are in a constant battle between ensuring that data is accessible to users, one the one hand, and that the data is globally protected and in compliance with data governance policies, on the other. Added to this is the need to ensure that files are stored in the most cost-effective manner possible, on whichever storage is best at that point in time.

The problem is there is no such thing as a one-size-fits-all storage platform that can serve as the shared repository for all of an organization’s data, especially across multiple locations. Instead, there are myriad storage choices available from as many vendors, each of which is best suited for a particular performance requirement, access protocol, and cost profile for each phase of the data’s life cycle. Users and applications simply want reliable, persistent access to their files. But data policies inevitably require files to move to different storage platforms or locations over time. This creates additional cost and complexity for IT and disrupts user workflows. 

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Categories: Technology

Why we suck at estimating software projects

Info World - Tue, 04/23/2024 - 03:00

Okay, so I’m just going to go ahead and say it:

It is impossible to accurately estimate a software project of any significance.

Now, a non-trivial number of you are going to read that sentence and think I’m nuts.  And maybe I am. But someone has to just say what we all know to be true but don’t want to admit.

Look, there have been countless books written, innumerable conferences held, untold consulting hours purchased, and endless blog posts written on how to be better at estimating software projects. I get it. We all work earnestly to give our best effort in an attempt to placate hungry bosses who want to know when a new feature will be ready. We all set deadlines based on a conference date and not when the software will actually be ready.

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Categories: Technology

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